Between 400 and 600 boys are diagnosed in the US each year with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare genetic disorder mostly common in males characterized by progressive muscle deterioration and disabling muscle weakness affecting many parts of the body caused by a mutation in the DMD gene. This mutation results in an absence or defect of the dystrophin protein causing heart and breathing muscle issues and eventually death via respiratory or cardiac failure before the age of 40.
Current pharmacological approaches can help delay damage to muscles or minimize symptoms of DMD with corticosteroid therapy, like prednisone or the Emflaza® (deflazacort), which are considered to be the standard of care. The most recent approved treatments for DMD however, focus on correcting the gene mutations using a process called exon-skipping to produce a usable dystrophin protein by skipping over the exon or part of the gene that causes problems with the muscle proteins. Requiring weekly intravenous injections slowing disease progression in about 30% of patients while increasing dystrophin production, FDA-approved Exondys 51 (eteplirsen), Vyondys 53 (golodirsen) and Viltepso® (viltolarsen), have not yet been proven to improve survival or provide other clinical benefits.
Within the next year, several new treatment options for DMD may become available:
Due to the therapeutic innovations over the past few decades, the life expectancy of patient with DMD has increased. This is only the beginning with new treatments on the horizon to reduce pathology, improve quality of life, and ultimately prolong survival.
To learn more about potential new therapies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, click here.